is a mushroom a fruit or vegetable

is a mushroom a fruit or vegetable

Is a Mushroom a Fruit or Vegetable?

When it comes to mushrooms, there is sometimes confusion about whether they are classified as a fruit or a vegetable. To help clear the matter up, let’s take a closer look at mushrooms and the various classifications.

What Is a Mushroom?

Mushrooms are a type of fungus which often contains a stem, a cap, and gills beneath the cap. They grow in dark, damp places and are often harvested to be used as a culinary ingredient.

Are Mushrooms Fruits or Vegetables?

Technically, mushrooms are neither fruits nor vegetables. This is because they do not receive energy from photosynthesis, as both fruits and vegetables do. Because mushrooms are not plant-based, they do not grow from seeds and are not part of a plant-based food group.

Nutritional Benefits of Mushrooms

Although categorized separately, mushrooms offer several nutritional benefits. These include the following:

  • Low in Calories – Mushrooms are extremely low in calories with only 18-20 calories per cup.
  • Excellent Source of Dietary Fiber – Mushrooms provide high amounts of dietary fiber, including prebiotics which help support healthy digestion.
  • High in Protein and Vitamin D – Mushrooms are a great source of protein and are one of the few vegan sources of Vitamin D.
  • Rich in B Vitamins – Mushrooms are a rich source of B vitamins, which are essential for physiological processes, including energy metabolism.


Mushrooms may not be classified as part of either the fruit or vegetable family, but they are still full of delicious flavor and nutritional benefits. Whether you are looking for a vegan protein source or want to add more fiber to your diet, mushrooms are a great addition to any meal.

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