What Fruits and Vegetables Can Russian Tortoises Eat?
Russian tortoises are omnivorous, eating of both plant and animal protein. Ideally, their regular diet should be made of up of 80% grass and dark, leafy greens and 20% animal protein. This means that in addition to traditional fruits and vegetables, Russian tortoises can benefit from a variety of other foods from time to time.
Russian tortoises can enjoy a variety of fruits as occasional treats. These should never exceed 10% of their total diet. Healthy options include:
- Berries (including blueberries, strawberries, raspberries, etc.)
- Melons (including watermelon, cantaloupe, honeydew, etc.)
- Apples (only if they are cored and unsprayed)
- Oranges (only if they are unsprayed and peeled)
- Grapes (only if they are unsprayed and unfertilized)
In addition to fruits, Russian tortoises can benefit from a variety of vegetables. These should never exceed 60% of their total diet. Healthy options include:
- Dark, leafy greens (including kale, collards, dandelion greens, etc.)
- Squash (including yellow squash, zucchini, spaghetti squash, etc.)
- Carrots and other root vegetables (including potatoes, sweet potatoes, parsnips, etc.)
- Peppers (including bell peppers, banana peppers, jalapeños, etc.)
- Cucumber (only if it is unsprayed)
- Legumes (including peas, beans, and lentils)
It is important to note that Russian tortoises should only eat organic produce whenever possible, and that some vegetables should be avoided altogether. Foods like corn, celery, tomatoes, spinach, beets, and lettuce should never be fed to Russian tortoises.
Overall, Russian tortoises can have a wide variety of fruits and vegetables in their diet as long as they are given in controlled amounts. By following the guidelines outlined above, you will be able to ensure your Russian tortoise has a balanced and healthy diet.