when to plant vegetables in new england

when to plant vegetables in new england

Growing Vegetables in New England – When to Plant

The weather and soil conditions in New England can vary greatly depending on the region and time of year, so it is important to know exactly when to plant vegetables in the area. Although some general tips apply, the specific growing season can differ depending on your location in New England.


The best time to plant vegetables in New England can start as early as April to mid-May, depending on what varieties you’re planting. Spring is the ideal time for planting cool-season crops like cabbage, peas, and lettuce. As the days grow warmer and the soil temperature rises, it is the right time to plant warm-season crops like tomatoes, squash, and peppers.


New England’s climate can be unpredictable, and it’s important to protect your vegetables from frost and sudden temperature changes. Cover vegetables with cold frames or frost blankets if possible and be prepared to harvest vegetables as soon as the first frost is forecasted.

Tips for Successful Planting

  • Start your vegetable seedlings indoors. Starting seedlings indoors a few weeks before the warm-season is the best way to ensure optimal growth for your vegetables.
  • Choose the right varieties. Different vegetables need different types of soil, sun exposure, and planting times. Read up on the individual varieties to make sure you plant the right ones at the right time and place.
  • Pay attention to the soil. Ideally, the soil should be between 55 and 65F and moist. Test the soil’s temperature and adjust as needed.

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