When to Plant Vegetables in NJ
No matter whether you’re a gardening enthusiast or a first-time green thumb, knowing when to plant vegetables in New Jersey is essential in order to create a bountiful harvest. While there are many factors that must be taken into account, such as soil and sunlight needs, the key factor is timing. Here’s a guide to help you determine when exactly to begin planting your favorite vegetables.
The average first and last frost dates in the state of New Jersey have a big impact on when you should start planting. Knowing when to expect your last frost allows you to make sure you don’t plant too early, as vegetables can suffer significant damage when cold temperatures hit.
In order to get the best start for your veggie garden, it’s important to know what type of vegetables you’re planting. Cool-season vegetables, such as peas and arugula, can often handle a little cooler weather, so they can generally be planted shortly after the last frost date.
Warm-season vegetables are much more sensitive to cold weather, so they typically need to be planted after the danger of frost is gone. These include tomatoes and peppers, which need several warm months in order to reach maturity.
Suggested Planting Schedule
For best results, it’s recommended that gardeners in New Jersey follow the following rough planting schedule:
- Early March: Plant root and central crops such as potatoes and broccoli.
- Late March to Early April: Plant leafy greens and cool season crops such as peas and lettuces.
- Mid-April to Late April: Plant warm-season vegetables such as cucumbers and tomatoes, as well as beans and squash.
- May and June: Plant summer crops such as corn and zucchini.
By following this schedule, you are sure to give your vegetables the right conditions to thrive. Happy planting!