When To Plant Vegetables in Ohio?
Ohio gardeners have many options when considering when to plant vegetables in the state. Depending on the location and the vegetable, the timing of planting may vary greatly.
Hardiness Zones for Types of Vegetables
Ohio gardeners should first consider the location and hardiness zone when determining when to plant. The USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map identifies the average of the coldest and warmest temperatures for any given location in the state. Temperature extremes affect the suitable planting times for different vegetables.
The following vegetables can be planted very early in the season, when the soil can be worked:
- Spinach and lettuce: can be planted as early as late-March — even when a light frost is possible.
- Broccoli: can be planted in late March and early April.
- Cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, and cabbage: can be planted in early April.
The following vegetables need warm, soil temperatures for successful germination. Therefore, they should be planted either in late-May or early-June in the northern part of Ohio; the dates can change depending on the location:
- Tomatoes and peppers: should wait to be planted until late-May or early-June.
- Cucumbers and melons: should be planted during the same time.
- Squash, pumpkins, and beans: should be planted in late-May or early-June.
In conclusion, the timing of planting vegetables in Ohio can vary greatly, depending on the hardiness zone and varieties of vegetables. Gardeners should be aware of these variables when planning and planting their vegetable garden.